After the Ching Ming Festival, located in Wenzhou Jiangnan Industrial Park, Airport Road, leather, boss Huang women and children gone, leaving 163 million debt owed 104 suppliers, and involving more than 10 banks.
In late April, Portman Wenzhou known owners Strict chain restaurants because of a "disappearance" unexpected and business. Wenzhou, a strict left before heading to a local paper, said he met the economic crisis, with the hope that the Government come forward to help.
In late May, a veteran of the cable giant Yueqing three financial crises in Citigroup, the company 123 million debt to bank loans due to be prosecuted.
Wenzhou really going on "business closures," it? Magnitude of the crisis at the end of life?
In recent days, this reporter went to Wenzhou field study on the issue. Visited a number of government departments and many local business owners and officials.Found the situation is not currently a large area of closures Wenzhou enterprises, but the living conditions of the majority of enterprises in Wenzhou are suffering lower for many years.
Wenzhou official surveys show that three months of 2011, Wenzhou glasses, lighters, pens, hair and other 35 big profits from export-oriented corporations fell about 30%, the loss accounted for 1 / 4 more, enterprises of the city A sample survey enterprises shows that the current tight financial account for 42.9%.
"Now the business is far greater than the difficulties of the financial crisis in 2008 when." This is local entrepreneurs and officials of the joint assessment. "Everyone was nervous, hard insisted, Yao Jinya resist." Longwan area with manufacturers said Qiu-prescribed skin.
Lost profits: from a dollar to a dime
Qiu-through (an alias) for the leather business has been more than a decade, his factory with an annual production value of more than 150 million yuan, nearly 300 workers, he claimed Longwan area "50 can be considered a tax .
However, in early May of this year, monthly inventory, he found that the production value of more than 2000000000 ultimate gross margin just below 20 million, "I suspect that is not considered wrong? 10 years had never encountered a situationso, I simply find it impossible to account to shareholders. "
This is a sharp increase in the first half to lead the raw materials are compressed due to profit. Qiu-listed with this reporter, as its 2008 and 2011 the cost of a short list, this list shows the approximate cost of data:
Materials: about 15 million in 2008 / month, now about 17 million / month;
Additives: 2008 about 200 million / month and now about 250 million / month;
Electricity: In 2008 about 50 million / month, now about 65 million / month;
The cost of coal: 2008 about 75 million / month, now about 90 million / month.
"In 2008 the most common fabric skin meter, 4, 5, now raised to five feet, 2008-1000000 resin from a ton to 10,003 ton increase to 10,004 now, coal, 2008 When 1 ton of 780 yuan , 880 yuan this year, and now increased 950 yuan per ton. which are up, "Qiu explained-through.
On the other hand, lack of work this year has led to a sharp increase in labor costs.
Wenzhou Economic and Trade Bureau after completion of the first quarter of this year, the city had investigated 855 companies showed that 74.5% said labor shortages, increased more than 14 percent during the same period last year.
Shoes, clothing and glasses, lighters, pens, hair and other industry labor intensive, the situation is particularly serious shortage of labor, employment gap of more than 10% percent of enterprises are Bacheng more, higher than the average study of 5 percent or more businesses.
Wenzhou Economic and Trade Bureau survey shows that about a quarter of enterprises have led to production capacity due to lack of work orders not saturated phenomenon in glasses, lighters, pens and other enterprises export-oriented, the percentage is a third.
Wenzhou Industrial Park Administrative Committee, deputy director of Zou Jianqiang a survey conducted in late 2010 found that companies move in the direction of producing a reduced salary, the state also makes the original increase in agricultural subsidies will work out at home, agriculture, these are the source of the lack of jobs.
"For example, O'Connell, Red Dragonfly in Sichuan has several acres of plants, then the salaries of local workers in Sichuan, six or seven hundred dollars can be satisfied, on the southeastern coast of the high cost of living wage 1500 Yuan are very few. " Jianqiang Zou said.
2008-2010 financial crisis in the first half, Qiu-the same has been spending 540,000 yuan a month to pay their workers, "do not lay off 2008 employees as long as very satisfied," while half second of 2010 the situation changed.
September 2010, Qiu-workers began to rise with wages, the total amount of 80,000 each, plus two, and now costs 70 million monthly salary.
Qiu-representative of the situation. Journalist in Wenzhou Yongjia County Industrial Park and Industrial Park Ou learned that a year and a half human costs each company generally increased from 25% to 30%.
Leather oversupply, rising costs, the price can not rise, "In the past the most common synthetic leather make 1 meter by 1 dollar, and now can only earn a penny, 2 cents, before reform can be a bit high won five of now can only make one, he did two years of annual profits as a year 2008.2009. "LIU Qiu said the same thing.
Wenzhou Economic and Trade Bureau to monitor the data show that the first three months of 2011, Wenzhou glasses, lighters, pens, hair and other enterprises 35 export-oriented sales value fell 7%, profit fell 30%. Losses of these enterprises accounted for 1 / 4 more, just three in the growing corporate profits. Industry average profit margin was 3.1%, more than 5% of the profit margins of companies less than 10.
The high cost of doing business owners had to lay-off to "stop the bleeding."
"Now the difficulties of enterprises is much larger than the 2008 financial crisis, 2008 has no purpose, no you can go, and now has the courage to take dictation, more afraid to answer more bulk large, more than afford to lose more. " German Zhou told our reporter. 2011-6-4 cheney