China's logistics costs are high, it is an indisputable fact, affect the social and economic development has become a serious problem. There are three reasons:
First, too many logistics and transportation in a variety of charges, arbitrary charges, multiple charges and high fees, unreasonable fees is widespread, including access charges, management fees, fees for various documents and more.
Most of the past 20 years in new highway, in part, by changing public goods subject to public goods, and even private goods, public highway facilities in the name of profits in a tool specific interest groups, and very cleverly high wages, expenses and other ways to implement the transfer of benefits. Choose from investors, the project budget to project bidding to bury high fees hint. Some streets in accordance with the budget-called "international standards", but the actual procurement and construction process, the investor, the selected bid, the construction side is invariably "hard savings", resulting in a lot of "junk" projects.
The main cost of road freight transport, an ultra-high bridge, tolls, and second, the traffic police, street workers and the fine and the third is the high diesel fuel. This is called "two high and one of excitement."
Second, although many charges, but the logistics facilities in many areas are still lagging behind, such as ferries, storage and terminals, a large number of backward transport facilities, a direct result of rising costs , because it is not convenient, and low efficiency. It is not convenient toll disrupts a variety of rational and efficient completion of the circulation system, reducing the flow efficiency. The charges are too high, all types of businesses to reduce costs, consider selecting the highway, waterway or rail car, had to bend, and even bypass the time occupied in exchange for lower logistics costs, so that a reasonable and efficient system of distribution channels is difficult to build, including the use of logistics facilities, storage and transportation network layout and the use of means of transport. Toll long distance, site density, high fees, arbitrary fines. Many of the card at the toll station as "obstruction" so many high-speed roads with a low-speed roads, greatly reduces the effectiveness of road use. According to reports, the United States more than 90,000 km of only 8.8% of highway toll road, toll road in the world with 140,000 km 100,000 km in China. China has almost all the highways toll roads, the public nature of roads that do not exist.
Third, the logistics management system, operation mechanism immature. For example, many departments are in control of the logistics, but the management in place and not repeated, resulting in our logistics costs are too high.
High cost of logistics, the Government must address the overall structure and strategy, that is, from the overall development and operation speed of business, reducing the burden, reduce the variety of cargo.
Road pricing is the most difficult to resolve. Some departments or operating divisions of road investment, in fact, that some half-light of the small group of interests or private investments, to more charges and high fees, sets a fine of more as possible the amount of time and be a "hidden rules". As a result, public investment can be turned into private investment of highway roads, is open free of charge, was originally a small fee charges should be more charges were changed because of charges. "Loans to build roads, pay debts," the primitive accumulation in the industrialization in the early and short-term measures taken in advance, some sector interest groups and infinite zoom, so bored.
Therefore, to solve this problem from the system must break the monopoly of usurpations, predatory damage to the entire society, not in public infrastructure, as an individual, the interests of small groups of tools. 2011-6-6